A gastroscopy is a procedure during which an endoscope (a thin tube with a light and camera at its tip) is passed through the mouth and into the stomach in order to examine the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum (first part of the small intestine). During the procedure, the gastroenterologist may take biopsies that will later be inspected by a pathologist.


A colonoscopy is a procedure carried out using colonoscope (a thin flexible tube with a light and camera at the tip) is passed through the rectum and into the large colon (large intestine). This procedure enables the gastroenterologist to examine the entire length of the large intestine (known also as the colon). During the procedure,

Small bowel enteroscopy

A small bowel enteroscopy (or 'balloon enteroscopy') is a medical procedure that allows the physician to navigate the entire small bowel from either from the mouth or rectum, thus enabling them to diagnose and provide treatment within the small bowel without having to resort to surgery. During the procedure, a thin flexible camera is passed

Capsule Endoscopy

A capsule endoscopy (also called a pill-cam) is a non-invasive, pain-free investigation of the small bowel. It involves swallowing a small plastic 'pill' that contains a tiny camera, which takes photos as it travels through your stomach and small intestine.. The images are wirelessly transmitted to a data recorder (that you wear around your waste) that your doctor will then use to review.

Endoscopic Ultrasound

An EUS is a procedure that uses sound waves to take pictures of the pancreas, bile duct and digestive tract. An endoscope is a thin, lighted tube. It enters the patient’s mouth and is passed down through the stomach and into the first part of the small intestine (duodenum). A miniature ultrasound probe in the scope allows your specialist to examine the deeper layers of the stomach wall as well as surrounding organs


ERCP is a procedure to diagnose and treat problems of the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas. It combines X-ray and an endoscope - a long, thin flexible tube with a camera at the end. The endoscope passes through the mouth and stomach to where the ducts join the small intestine. A small plastic instrument is then inserted through the endoscope and into the bile and/or pancreatic

Oesophageal Manometry

The healthy functioning of the oesophagus is relatively complicated. There are bands of muscle, 'sphincters', at the top and bottom of the oesophagus, as well as nerves and muscles running the entire length of the oesophagus. These nerves and muscles all need to work together in a coordinated way for swallowing to be effective. Conditions of a neurological or muscular nature can impair this normal

Rectal Physiology

Releasing stool from the digestive tract requires a series of coordinated contractions of the rectum, as well as a relaxation of the internal and external anal sphincters. Damage to these nerves or muscles can result in pelvic pain, constipation, and/or stool incontinence. Several diagnostic tests are used to measure the strength of the anal sphincter muscles, the nerves serving the muscles,